Progress Test II
I. Match the words which have the same meaning

1.sort outa. personnel
2.improve b. chief executive officer
3. keep an eye onc. increase
4. human resourcesd. headquarters
5. senior managers e. monitor
6. managing directorf. solve
7. head officeg. purchasing
8. buying h. company officers
9. manufacturingi. production

Answers: 1 -   2 -   3 -   4 -   5 -   6 -   7 -   8 -   9 -

II. Complete the definitions with the terms from the box. One is extra.

a - customers, b - suppliers, c - shareholders, d - workforce, e - Board of Directors, f - staff

1. The people who own the company -
2. The people who sell to the company -
3. The people who formulate policy -
4. The people who buy from the company -
5. The people who work for the company –

III. Complete the text with the best words given below.

Most organizations have a or pyramidal structure, with one person or a group of people at the top, and increasing number of people below them at each successive . There is a clear line or of command running down the pyramid. All the people in the organization know what decision they are able to make, who their superior (or boss) is (to whom they ), and who their immediate subordinates are (to whom they can give instructions). This structure is one of the simplest and it’s also called a line .

Some people in the organization have who help them: for example, there are might be an Assistant to the Marketing Manager. This is known as a staff : its holder has no line authority, and is not integrated into the chain of command, unlike, for example, the Assistant Marketing Manager, who is number two in the marketing . This structure is known as a staff structure.

IV. Match the products with the industries

1.mineralsa. the pharmaceutical industry
2.shipping container b. the electronics industry
3. aircraft partsc. the automotive industry
4. ethylened. the packaging industry
5. drugs e. the mining industry
6. electrical circuitsf. the aerospace industry
7. motor vehiclesg. the petrochemical industry

Answers: 1 -   2 -   3 -   4 -   5 -   6 -   7 -  

V. Complete with personal pronouns or possessive adjectives.

1.Financea. gets the products to the consumers
2.Production b. records transactions, collects cash, makes payments, and calculates costs
3.Salesc. plans, schedules, monitors, measures, and gives direction
4.Marketingd. buys supplies
5.R&D e. creates new products
6.Board of Directorsf. deals with personnel matters
7.Purchasingg. sells the products
8.Human Resourcesh. manufactures the products

Answers: 1 -   2 -   3 -   4 -   5 -   6 -   7 -   8 -  

VI. Read the text and match the parts to its headings..

Philips is a market-driven company with an organizational structure that reflects the needs of our customers. We operate in three main sectors: Healthcare, Lighting and Consumer Lifestyle. A fourth sector, Innovation & Emerging Businesses, contains Philips Research, Philips Design, and all of our supporting departments. Whatever the sector, the aim is always the same: to develop products that touch and improve people’s lives. Philips is proud to be a market leader in medical diagnostic imaging and patient monitoring systems, energy-efficient lighting solutions, personal care and home appliances, as well as consumer electronics. Why not join us and contribute to the success of the team?

1.People around the world buy over one million Philips consumer products every day. We employ 116,000 people, hold more than 48,000 patents and have sales of over EUR 23 billion. Headquartered in the Netherlands, we are present in 150 countries and one of the largest multinationals in China.

2.We are where we are because we’re extremely good at what we do, but we actively encourage everyone who works for Philips to reach even further. Our aim is to be a global leader in health and well-being, becoming the preferred brand in the majority of our chosen markets by 2015.

3.Our activities focus on Healthcare, Consumer Lifestyle and Lighting. These are in turn backed up by Design, Research and other supporting departments. Each sector pursues meaningful innovations that are relevant to and desired by its target market, and in line with our overall promise of ‘Sense and Simplicity’.

4.As a global organization, we recognize and appreciate the wide variety of people who work for us. Each individual employee is unique, with his or her own background, culture, characteristics, skills and ambitions. Our customers are equally unique, and it is thanks to the diversity of our own staff that we can understand them better.

VII. Put the words in the correct order to make sentences.

1.In late 1945, after the end of World War II, Masaru Ibuka started a. to his Japanese company.
2.In the early 1950s, Ibuka traveled in the United States and b. which featured an innovative slim design and sound quality.
3.He convinced Bell to license the transistor technology c. Ibuka and Morita looked to apply it to communications.
4.While most American companies were researching the transistor for its military applications, d. as a mix of two words.
5.In May 1956, the company released the TR-6, e. with the TR-63 model, then the smallest transistor radio in commercial production
6.The following year, 1957, the company came out f. a radio repair shop in a bomb-damaged department store.
7.The name "Sony" was chosen for the brand g. but the company name did not change to Sony until January 1958.
8.The first Sony-branded product, the TR-55 transistor radio, appeared in 1955 h. heard about Bell Labs' invention of the transistor

Answers: 1 -   2 -   3 -   4 -   5 -   6 -   7 -   8 -